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Home » India Information

About India

India, also referred as Bharat or Hindustan, the largest democracy in the world, is a land of unparalleled majesty, comparable in size to entire continent of Europe, and home of nearly 16% of the world population. Although modern images of India often show poverty and lack of development, India was the richest country on earth until the time of the British in the early 17th century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by her wealth. Historian Elphinstone said: “The Hindu kingdoms overthrown by Muslims were so wealthy that the historians tire of telling of the immense loot of jewels and coins captured by the invaders." Numerous countries have plundered the wealth of India. It is not just the material wealth that makes India rich. The achievements, history, culture and geography all are part of this richness. People throughout the ages admired the richness of India. French scholar Romain Rolland said: "If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India."

India Facts


conventional long form: Republic of India


Capital: New Delhi



Government type: federal republic


Population:1,095,351,995 (July 2006 est.)


Area: total: 3,287,590 sq km


Land boundaries: 14,103 km


Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m / highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m


Geography note: India dominates South Asian subcontinent. It is located near important Indian Ocean trade router. Kanchenjunga, third tallest mountain in the world, lies on the border with Nepal.



Currency: Indian rupee (INR)